Information for pet owners

What is an ACVAA Diplomate

Arterial blood pressure

Anesthetic drug safety

Anesthetic Monitoring

Anesthetic Morbidity and Mortality


Endotracheal Intubation

End-tidal CO2

Intravenous Fluids

Intravenous Catheters

Postoperative analgesia

Preanesthetic drugs

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Veterinary Specialist Services Users Manual

VSS provides referral support for veterinary practitioners. We do not directly provide medical advice to clients without first examining their pet during a office visit scheduled through their veterinarian. We encourage clients who desire the services of a specialist to ask their veterinarian to contact us, or another qualified specialist, in your area.

It is important for animal owners to know that their regular veterinarian is trained in a broad range of medical and surgical skills, similar to a local doctor in family practice. While most cases are easily handled by a general practitioner, there are instances where the services of a specialist may be needed. This is similar to your family doctor referring a family member to a medical specialist for further diagnostics or treatment.

Veterinary Specialists have the same training as your regular veterinarian; however, following graduation they continued training for several years in a area of specialization, such as anesthesia, internal medicine, or surgery. This extra Residency experience ensures training in the most current methods, and an in-depth understanding of their area of specialization. Consultation with a specialist will often cost more than a visit to your regular veterinarian, but you will be receiving the best medical care possible.

During a visit with a specialist, he or she will meet with the client and patient, perform an examination and diagnostic tests, and recommend treatment. Usually the specialist will provide immediate treatment and return primary care of the patient to the referring veterinarian. However, some patients will require continued treatment by a specialist and my return for many appointments before the problem is satisfactorily resolved.

For further information about the services provided by Veterinary Specialist Services, follow one of the links to the left.

Contact Veterinary Specialist Services for the best care available!

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© Veterinary Specialists Services, P.C., 2004-2014

The material available on these web pages may not be used, duplicated, or included in any communication formats without the written consent of Veterinary Specialists Services, P.C. or any other copyright holders.

None of the information available on these web pages should be used to diagnose or treat patients. Veterinary Specialist Services, PC, its employees, or owners will not be liable for damages resulting from use of this information.


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